Wadi Gamal

The southern part of the settlement in Wadi Gamal was obviously built as a road station, probably to accommodate the traffic to and from the Mons Smaragdus area:
The largest building in the settlement in Wadi Gamal, in a small gully north of the main wadi, had a wall built around it which in places was still standing to its original height:


Objective of visit:
To draw a measured plan of the site and study the surface remains (including the ceramic finds).
Date of visit:
  - January 2001
Fellow visitors:
  Prof.Dr. Steve Sidebotham (University of Delaware), Wayne Sawtell and Jennifer Gates (Berenike Project).
Results: A survey was performed using the Global Positioning System, a theodolite and steel tape measures. Off-site assistance was given by pottery expert Dr. Roberta Tomber (Museum of London). No excavations took place. A full publication of this site is pending.
Approximate position and date of the site:   The settlement in Wadi Gamal is in the southern part of the Egyptian Eastern desert, south of the Edfu-Marsa Alam asphalt road, between the Mons Smaragdus area and the settlement in Kab Marfu'a. Surface pottery dated to the Ptolemaic period (ca. 330 - 30 BC).
Short description of the site:   The settlement in Wadi Gamal was most likely a stop on the ancient road from the emerald (beryl) mines in the Mons Smaragdus area to the Nile. Here travelers could find water, food and shelter for the night.
Additional remarks: Judging by the size as well as the lay-out of the remaining buildings, including the animal lines, the settlement in Wadi Gamal was of major importance to the ancient traffic. Our work was sponsored by the Berenike Project and private donors.