Overview of the settlement of al-Guzzah with the gold working area in the foreground, the settlement in the middle of the picture and the large well in the background:
Apart from a long channel to separate the gold from the quartz it is captured in, either with water or mercury, many grinding stones typical for ancient gold mines were seen in al-Guzzah:


Objective of visit:
To draw a measured plan of the site and study the surface remains (including the ceramic finds).
Date of visit:
  - July 1996
Fellow visitors:
  Prof.Dr. Steve Sidebotham (University of Delaware) and Saleh Ali (our bedouin guide).
Results: A survey was performed using the Global Positioning System, a theodolite and steel tape measures. Off-site assistance was given by pottery expert Dr. Roberta Tomber (Museum of London). No excavations took place. A full publication of this site is pending.
Approximate position and date of the site:   al-Guzzah is in the central part of the Egyptian Eastern desert, just north of the Qena-Safaga asphalt road. Surface pottery dated to the Ptolemaic period (ca. 330 - 30 BC).
Short description of the site:   al-Guzzah was a gold mine which was operational in Ptolemaic times. There are many remains of ancient structures, including a fort, many huts and a large well in the middle of the wadi.
Additional remarks: A large graveyard was found just west of the settlement. Our work was sponsored by the University of Delaware and private donors.