Kab Marfu'a
The central building in Kab Marfu'a, downhill from a possible shrine, was obviously built in two or more phases:
Apart from a large central building and a possible shrine, the settlement of Kab Marfu'a comprises numerous huts and working areas:


Objective of visit:
To draw a measured plan of the site and study the surface remains (including the ceramic finds).
Date of visit:
  January 2001
Fellow visitors:
  Prof.Dr. Steve Sidebotham (University of Delaware) and Lisa Pintozzi (Berenike Project).
A survey was performed using the Global Positioning System, a theodolite and steel tape measures. Off-site assistance was given by pottery expert Dr. Roberta Tomber (Museum of London). No excavations took place. A preliminary report was published in S.E. Sidebotham, H. Barnard, L.A. Pintozzi and R.S. Tomber (2005). 'The enigma of Kab Marfu'a: precious gems in Egypt's Eastern Desert,' Minerva 16,1: pp. 24-26 (click for pdf).
Approximate position and date of the site:   Kab Marfu'a is in the southern part of the Egyptian Eastern desert, south of the Edfu-Marsa Alam asphalt road, just north of the hydreuma in Wadi Gamal. Surface pottery dated to the Roman period (ca. 30 BC - 600 AD).
Short description of the site:   Judging by the lay-out of the site and the large number of small working platforms and quartz pounders, Kab Marfu'a was an industrial settlement. The nature of the activities, however, is still enigmatic as is the relation between this settlement and the nearby hydreuma and the emerald (beryl) mines further to the east. In part of the ancient settlement a small number of sherds of Eastern Desert Ware vessels were found.
Additional remarks:
The enigmatic character of the settlement is further enhanced by the find of imported pottery from the western parts of the African province of the Roman Empire. Our work was sponsored by the Berenike Project and private donors.