Qaria Mustafa 'Amr

An overview of Qaria Mustafa 'Amr with its numerous simple huts in a dead-end wadi:
Two of the huts in Qaria Mustafa 'Amr, one almost circular, the other rectilinear:


Objective of visit:
To draw a measured plan of the site and study the surface remains (including the ceramic finds).
Date of visit:
  - January 2000
Fellow visitors:
  Prof.Dr. Steve Sidebotham (University of Delaware), Barbara Tratsaert and Veerasamy Selvakumar (Berenike Project).
A survey was performed using the Global Positioning System, a theodolite and steel tape measures. Off-site assistance was given by pottery expert Dr. Roberta Tomber (Museum of London). No excavations took place. Our plans and description were published in: S.E. Sidebotham, H. Barnard and G. Pyke; Five enigmatic late Roman settlements in the Eastern Desert; Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 2002; vol. 88: pp. 187-225.
Approximate position and date of the site:   Qaria Mustafa 'Amr in Wadi Umm Atlee is in the far south-east of the Egyptian Eastern desert, close to the Egyptian-Sudanese border. Surface pottery dated to the late Roman period (ca. 300 - 600 AD).
Short description of the site:   Qaria Mustafa 'Amr was a large settlement of simple huts, far from any ancient roads, mines or quarries. Surface finds were limited to potsherds and the function of the settlement remains enigmatic.
Additional remarks:
The reason for the existence of Qaria Mustafa 'Amr might have been the hunting or gathering of yet unknown commodities or the temporary residence for political or religious refugees. Our work was sponsored by the Berenike Project and private donors.