Abu Rushaid

The buildings in the settlement at Abu Rushaid are well built and well preserved. Most have ancient mine shafts associated with them. Many walls, with windows and niches, are still standing to their original height:
The settlement at Abu Rushaid, built on the slope of a hill, is part of a complex of settlements, mines and other structures in the Mons Smaragdus area where once low grade emerald (beryl) was excavated:


Objective of visit:
To draw a measured plan of the site and study the surface remains (including the ceramic finds).
Date of visit:
  - February 1998
Fellow visitors:
  Eng. Brian Cannon.
Results: A survey was performed using the Global Positioning System and a theodolite with steel tape measures. Off-site assistance was given by pottery expert Dr. Roberta Tomber (Museum of London). No excavations took place. Due to circumstances beyond our control the mapping of this site remained unfinished. 
Approximate position and date of the site:   The settlement at Abu Rushaid is in the Mons Smaragdus area in the south-eastern part of the Egyptian Eastern desert, south-west of Marsa Alam. Surface pottery dated to the early Roman period (ca. 30 BC - 200 AD).
Short description of the site:   Abu Rushaid is one of the settlements in the Mons Smaragdus area were low grade emerald (beryl) was excavated in ancient times. The structures differ from those in contemporary gold mining settlements and are much more elaborate. Most mine shafts have now collapsed but they seem to have been very deep and rather narrow. 
Additional remarks: Our work which, due to circumstances beyond our control remained unfinished, was sponsored by the Berenike Project and private donors.